Boer War
SA9 Corporal Charles William Hensman Bould – 1st Contingent New Zealand Mounted Rifles
On the 22nd October 1864[i] Thomas Bould and Georginia Saunders married and both were listed as residents of Ohariu. Their first child, a girl, was born on the 12th August 1865 at Porirua[ii]. In 1869 Thomas Bould was running the Ferry Hotel in Porirua where it was advertised in May 1869 that:[iii]
‘Taylor & Co Coach Services leaves Pahautanui for Wellington,
every  morning  at seven  o’clock.   Fares there and  back  6s.
From Mr Bould’s Hotel, Ferry, at half-past eight o’clock.’
Thomas is also listed as the manager, possibly for Mr Charles London, of the Junction Hotel, Pauatahanui and it was
during this tenure that their fifth child was born in 1873[iv].
‘Birth-Bould-at Pahautanui, on 11th Inst, Mrs T Bould, of a son.’
This son was named Charles William Hensman Bould and his first years were spent growing up in Pauatahanui. The
family had moved to Paremata by 1882 as Charles was registered as attending the Porirua School.[v] Thomas at was managing a hotel for Mr Charles London as noted in the 2nd June 1883 report of the Porirua Licensing Committee:[vi]
‘. . . A  new license was granted to Mr John Whitehouse for the Ferry  Hotel  Porirua.
Application was  made  by Mr T Bould for  an  accommodation license for a  house
known  as  London’s  Hotel,  situated half-way  between Porirua  and  Pahautanui.
The application could not be entertained as it was informal.’
Paremata Hotel c1880
By 1887 the name of the hotel had changed as the annual meeting of the Porirua Licensing Committee noted:[vii]
‘. . . Thomas Bould applied for a renewal of the license of the Paremata Hotel.
Mr R Smith  thought that a  better house  was  required, and he moved  that  a
footnote to that effect should be attached to the license. This was seconded by
 Mr Pierce, but was not carried, the license being granted unconditionally. . .’
It was while the family was at Paremata that Charles William Hensman Bould, aged 15 joined the Wellington Guards as a volunteer in 1889.
In 1895 Thomas Bould and family made a final move from Paremata to Johnsonville. Thomas’ father-in-law W H Saunders was the licensee of Saunders Hotel and in 1894 ran foul of the licensing committee for not supplying accommodation to travellers. To prevent the loss of license the hotel had been renamed and on 13th May 1895 the following appeared in the Evening Post:[viii]
Charles (Chas) William Hensman Bould was living with his father at Johnsonville when, in response to the September 1899 call for troops to go to South Africa, he enlisted in the 1st “The Firsts” Contingent. Men enlisting were only selected from those already members of the New Zealand permanent forces, or like Charles, members of part-time Volunteer Forces. Because of the number volunteering, the strict criteria for selection included both the man’s physical condition and also his ability to ride and shoot. Charles, as a Lance Corporal in the Wellington Guards, meet the requirements and as SA9 Corporal C W H Bould, 1st Company, 1st Contingent he sailed from Wellington, on 21st October 1899, for South Africa.
Also sailing with 1st Contingent was SA137 Private Joseph (Joe) Louis Gestro from Paremata. Charles and Joe would have been boys together at Paremata in 1880-1890’s.
The majority of Corporal Bould’s South African records have been
purged but there is reference[ix] to being an instructor in signalling
and also on the Maxim gun.
SA 9 Corporal C W H Bould (1900)
On August 1900 Corporal Bould and a number of other troopers
were invalided from South Africa on board the SS Kumara with
‘enteric fever.’ A newspaper report of the troopers return to
New Zealand indicated that ‘the sea voyage has placed them all
on the high road to recovery.’[x]
In 1901 Charles Bould was selected as part of the New Zealand’s
Federal Escort for celebrations in Australia of the formation of
the Commonwealth of Australia. For his service in South Africa
he was awarded the Queen’s South Africa Medal, with five clasps.[xi]
The South Africa War Medal was presented by the Duke of York.[xii]
Charles continued as a part time volunteer with the Wellington Guards, then the  5th (Wellington) Regiment where he was the Regimental Colour = Sergeant in 1914. At the outbreak of war Charles is listed as living in Johnsonville and working as a packer for Ballinger Brothers in Wellington. Charles sailed from Wellington on 12th August 1914 as 1/455 Warrant Officer Bould, B Company, 5th (Wellington) Regiment, Samoa Expeditionary Force. WO Bould returned to New Zealand on 22nd April 1915 where he elected to remain in the army, re-enlisting with the substantive rank of Regimental Sergeant Major. 10/4439 RMS Bould was hoping to be in the 2nd reinforcements of the Wellington Infantry and to be sent to Egypt and the Gallipoli campaign, but remained at Trentham until 1st April 1916. During this time at Trentham he married Emmie May (Queenie) Trezise on 28 December 1915.
10/4439 RSM Bould sailed from Wellington on the 1st April 1916 with B Company, 11th Reinforcements Wellington Infantry. The 11th Reinforcements sailed directly for France and 10/4429 Bould joined the 1st Battalion, Wellington Infantry on 17th June 1916. The New Zealand Division was in action on the Somme and it was during the attacks on the 27th September 1916 that 10/4439 WO1 Charles William Hensman Bould was reported to have been killed in action. Charles has no known grave and is commemorated on the Caterpillar (New Zealand) Memorial and also on the gates at Johnsonville Memorial Park.
10/4439 W0 Bould’s medals were sent to his wife Mrs E M Russell in 1922. Queenie had remarried in 1920.
Charles William Hensman Bould was also awarded the following:
                1914-1915 Star
                Victory Medal
                1914 – 1919 British War Medal
                Colonial Auxiliary Forces Long Service Medal
                New Zealand Long and Efficient Service Medal
                New Zealand Volunteer Service Medal
Archway Archives New Zealand – Military files: SA9, 1/455 & 10/4439 Charles William Hensman Bould
Auckland Cenotaph Online
Papers Past Online
Centenary of Porirua School  1863 - 1963
Paremata Hotel C1880,. Alexander Turnbull ½-082674-F
The Invalided Troops who arrived from the Cape on the Kumara (cropped): Auckland Cenotaph online
Background 1st Contingent march through Karori, Wellington 
[i] Marriages (12th November 1864) Wellington Independent
[ii] Births (12th August 1865) Wellington Independent
[iii] Coach Services (8th May 1869) Wellington Independent
[iv] Births (19th April 1873) Wellington Independent
[v] Centenary of Porirua School 1863 – 1963.
[vi] Porirua Licensing Committee (2nd June 1883) Evening Post
[vii] Annual Porirua Licensing Committee (4th June 1887) Evening Post
[viii] Notice of Application for Publican’s Licenses (13th May 1895) Evening Post
[ix] SA9 Charles William Hensman Bould; Auckland Cenotaph online
[x] Welcome Home (27th September 1900) Auckland Star
[xi] The Firsts (27th October 1916) New Zealand Free Lance
[xii] Charles William Hensman Bould: Auckland Cenotaph online
Paremata Hotel c 1880